MOPA Charter


General Provisions


This Charter has been adopted in compliance with the Articles of Association of the MALDIVES OCEAN PLASTICS ALLIANCE (MOPA), registered in the Republic of Maldives, under the Associations Act (Law No. 01/2003), to regulate the affairs, to identify the duties and responsibilities of key office-bearers, and to establish transparency and accountability in the Alliance.


The name of the association is “Maldives Ocean Plastics Alliance”, or “MOPA” in short. It is a non-governmental, non-political, not-for-profit and impartial association, having a strict non-discriminatory policy.


Hereafter, in this Charter, the “Maldives Ocean Plastics Alliance” is referred to as MOPA, and founded at the Inaugural General Meeting of 2020.


MOPA has its own legal status and entity, and is registered under no. CR/24/2020 of the Ministry of Youth, Sports and Community Empowerment of the Republic of Maldives, and operated within the legal jurisdiction of the country.

MOPA will comply with the rules and regulations set in this Charter, and will respect and work according to the provisions set forth of the operation of non-governmental organisations in the laws promulgated in the Republic of Maldives.


The Head Office of MOPA will be located in Male’, Maldives, but branch offices can be established across the country in accordance with work plans, stakeholder and community needs, and projects undertaken by MOPA or its partners.


Any Maldivian citizen who accepts the provisions set forth in this Charter and wishing to serve the Republic of Maldives voluntarily and without any agendas that violate the provisions in this Charter, can become a full member of MOPA.


The Executive Committee of MOPA may adopt procedures or rules or guidelines for matters not covered under this Charter.


Goals, Aims, Objectives and Jurisdiction


The goal of MOPA is to build alliances to reduce, recycle and reuse ocean plastics in the Maldives, with a special focus on single use plastics, through networking, monitoring, advocacy, awareness and research-based projects. Through its work, MOPA aspires to building environmental resilience and promote sustainable development in the Maldives.


  1. Sustainably managing the stream of single use plastics in Maldives, through partnerships with manufacturers and importers.
  2. Significantly reducing the threats posed by ocean plastics to the environment, human health and well-being of people and communities in the Maldives.
  • Building alliances and partnerships for community-led, collective action programmes and projects to reduce the growing amounts of plastic waste in the Maldives.
  1. Tapping into extended producer responsibility and corporate social responsibility in addressing the issue of ocean plastics, including recycling and cleanup initiatives across the Maldives.


Operational Approach & Strategy


  1. MOPA will adopt the standard project cycle management processes and stakeholder participation approaches in designing, implementing and evaluating projects.
  2. MOPA will maintain transparency, impartiality and accountability in its governance and in all its programmes.
  • MOPA is committed to gender equality and mainstreaming in all its processes, outputs, outcomes and impacts.
  1. MOPA is committed to sharing knowledge and empowering communities to choose and to attach due value to outcomes.
  2. Monitoring, evaluation and generation of knowledge is integrated into every stage of the project cycle and verifiable will be provided and regularly reported as required.
  3. Beneficiary participation and regular feedback will be a vital component of MOPA implementation and evaluation processes.
  • MOPA’s programmes will be managed and supported by professionals and experts, with the Head Office located in Male’ and directly implemented by field teams.


Organisational Structure


The organization consists of the following entities:

  1. Founders
  2. Board of Governors
  • Executive Committee
  1. Administration
  2. Field Teams


The Founders are the inspiration for the vision of MOPA, with MOPA’s core values being founded upon their passion and compassion for improving the lives and livelihoods of the Maldivian people.


The Board of Governors bring together reputed individuals and role models whose experience and expertise are shared continuously in strengthening governance of MOPA and in attaining the stated goals, aims and objectives of MOPA.

The Board of Governors is the senior decision making body of MOPA. The number of people may increase as per need and requirement.


The Executive Committee is an elected body with a 4 (four) year mandate to oversee administration, projects and programmes rolled out by MOPA, through issue-based advice and directives on a continuous basis.

The Executive Committee is comprised of the following members:

  1. President
  2. Vice President
  • Chief Financial Officer (CFO)
  1. Chief Operations Officer (COO)
  2. Chief Programme Officer (CPO)
  3. Executive Committee Members (five)


Each member of the Executive Committee possesses the right of an independent vote, and will use it in decision making of MOPA.

MOPA activities and governance will be overseen by the elected President, and will have the right of advising vote in decision making of MOPA.

The Executive Committee will lay down bylaws for managing MOPA, approved by (and with the agreement of) the Founders. There will be quarterly meetings and review among members of the Executive Committee.


The roles and responsibilities of the Executive Committee are as follows:

  1. To ensure that the goals and mandate of MOPA is followed and implemented.
  2. To make amendment to the Charter of MOPA, with the approval of the Founders.
  • To identify and reach out to potential stakeholders and partners.
  1. To identify programmes and projects that would benefit in achieving the objectives of MOPA.
  2. To identify areas to implement programmes and projects that would have maximum benefit for the people.
  3. Approval of the Annual Report, Work Plan, Budget and related programmes and projects undertaken by MOPA and its partners.
  • To consider, assess and examine the reports of MOPA.
  • To monitor the functions and activities of the different departments of MOPA and make related recommendations.

Meetings of the Executive Committee will be chaired by the President. In his/her absence, by the Vice President.

The duties of the President will include the following:

  1. To manage day to day operations of MOPA.
  2. To forge working partnerships with stakeholders.
  • To raise funds for MOPA activities.
  1. To make legal representation for MOPA.
  2. To manage human resources, including staff appointments and related matters.
  3. To monitor programme and project quality and impact.
  • To prepare and present annual achievements’ annual reports of MOPA.


All office bearers in compliance with the Charter of MOPA, could be reappointed in the following circumstances:

  1. Passing away.
  2. Prolonged illness.
  • Retirement.
  1. Corruption and/or criminal charges.
  2. Prolonged absence without reason or notice.
  3. Violation of the rules and regulations of MOPA.
  • Discriminatory behavior and action.


The Administration brings together a team of remunerated and voluntary experts sharing their knowledge and resources towards MOPA on a full-time or part-time basis.

The Administration will be headed by a General Manager, appointed with the approval of the Founders and the Executive Committee.


Field Teams are allocated on a per-programme or project-by-project basis with a clear TOR for the full implementation of the programme or project, endorsed by the Executive Committee, and overseen through the Administration.




Membership is open to individuals and organisations who share the mandate, goals and articles of MOPA.

All members share a common vision, purpose and principles of MOPA.

Membership of MOPA is free, but renewable every calendar year.


Membership of MOPA is comprised of three types:

  1. Honorary Members
  2. Associate Members
  • Full Members


Honorary Members are allocated by invitation, after careful consideration by the Executive Committee, and endorsed by the Founders of MOPA.

Honorary Membership is offered to individuals only.

Honorary Members of MOPA act as ambassadors for MOPA, and channel their expertise and experience, while pooling their resources and networks to promote the work of MOPA.

Honorary Membership can be awarded and revoked at the discretion of the Executive Committee, with an endorsement by the Founders.


Associate Membership can be through invitation or application, and would involve careful consideration by the Executive Committee and endorsement by the Founders of MOPA.

Associate Members are likely to be trusted stakeholders of MOPA, and continue to work closely with MOPA on issues of common interest and passion.


Full Membership of MOPA is open to any individual who shares the mandate, goals and articles of MOPA, and is willing to follow the rules and procedures of MOPA.


Recruitment and Remuneration


People, sharing the mandate, goals and articles can be recruited in to MOPA. Their appointment must follow the rules and procedures of MOPA.


People will be recruited based on their educational qualification, professional field experience, understanding and adherence to MOPA’s mandate and/or special talents or capabilities.


Priority will be accorded to Maldivian citizens, women recruits and those with special needs.


Salary and other remuneration packages for staff of MOPA will be in accordance with the laws of Maldives.

All other privileges of employees are accorded to standards adopted by similar and likeminded non-governmental organisations operating in the country at any given time.


The contracts of permanent member of staff of MOPA are subject to termination only under following circumstances:

  1. MOPA is non-operational for a prolonged period, not less than six months.
  2. MOPA is dissolved.
  • Member goes on leave for at least 20 (twenty) days without prior notification or consent.
  1. Member is found to be involved in activities that contravene the mandate of MOPA or is detrimental to MOPA’s interests, and in the case of breaches of the law or other wrongdoing and/or moral or ethical misdemeanors that could bring disrepute to MOPA.
  2. Refusal to comply with the bylaws of this Charter.

Chapter VII

Budgetary and Asset Usage; Reporting Affairs


Financial and accounting affairs of MOPA are adopted according to national and international norms.

Copies of annual financial reports verified by the financial and accounting standards and norms stated above, will be submitted to all necessary national and international stakeholders and deposited into the MOPA archives.

All documents of purchases and expenses, including inventories and equipment donated and maintained by MOPA will be executed after accurate financial verification.


The fiscal year of the Alliance will be the calendar year, and MOPA is obliged to present its financial report to the concerned government authority on an annual basis.


All the movable and immovable assets of MOPA will be logged and registered under its title, while individuals do not have the right to use or claim these assets as personal, and the individual may not purchase any inventory under personal title.


MOPA is obliged to spend its budget in accordance to Terms of Contract and on specified project activities only, and shall provide an annual financial report at its annual meeting of the Executive Committee, and after it is endorsed, with any other concerned authority of government or other stakeholder.


Debt Accrual


MOPA may only acquire debts or such obligations with the approval of the Executive Committee, and after arrangements have been made for its settlement, and in accordance with the provisions in this Charter.


Where the proposed debt, or debt obligation amount exceeds the value of existing incomes and assets, it can only be acquired after the Executive Committee has endorsed this, and the same having been passed by a special resolution of the general meeting of the Executive Committee and the approval of the Founders of MOPA.


In the event of the dissolution of MOPA or its winding up, where MOPA’s existing incomes and assets are insufficient to clear the outstanding debts and accounts, these shall be settled by the members of the Executive Committee, with each taking an equal share of the outstanding debt and accounts.


Dispute Resolution


Any disputes among NGO members shall be resolved by mutual discussion and agreement.

Where no amicable solution through discussion is found, the Executive Committee shall make a decision on the issue.


Dissolution and Winding Up


MOPA may be dissolved or wound up after having fulfilled the necessary provisions in this Charter, and a resolution to do so having been passed by two thirds of the vote at a general meeting of the Executive Committee, and having informed of such a resolution to the Registrar of Associations and subject to its acceptance by the concerned government authority.

MOPA may also be dissolved on the order of the government.


In the case of liquidation, amalgamation, divestment or conclusion of MOPA operations, the assets of MOPA will be dealt with according to the concerned articles of the Associations Act of the Republic of Maldives, whereby it will be dealt with in accordance with the provisions set out under Article 31 of the Associations Act of the Republic of Maldives.


Amendments to the Charter


Any changes or amendments to this Charter can be made by a special resolution passed by two thirds of the votes of those present at a general meeting of the Executive Committee, and thereafter endorsed by the Founders. All such changes and amendments will only take effect after the Registrar of Associations has approved the change or amendment.

Any changes to MOPA’s emblem, flag, colour or motto shall only be made after approval by the Registrar of Associations.